During the battle, every civilian was moved to the Nanjing Safety Zone, which was specially set up to protect all civilians of Nanjing. The Japanese Army knew that many Chinese soldiers were also in the Zone; nevertheless, they did not attack it.
As the government of Japan, we cannot completely deny the fact that there may have been murder of non-combatants and looting; However, for the actual number of deaths, there are several theories.
The massacre which is said to be committed by the Japanese Military did not take place. The atrocities that are said to have been committed were by Chinese Soldiers.
The safety district committee states in their papers dated December 17th, that “when the Japanese army has invaded Nanjing on the 13th, we have gathered most of the civilians in the safety district”