The Hong Kong people are not Han Chinese, and the only way to revive them is through true independence.
Kaiying Yang (Director, Center for Asian Studies, Shizuoka University)
Hong Kong was killed. Hong Kong was killed by the Chinese Communist Party at the age of “23.
When Hong Kong was handed back to China from British rule in 1997, the Communist government promised that Hong Kong people would be guaranteed a normal life for 50 years. But now, only 23 years later, the international pledge to protect the one country, two systems for 50 years has been easily broken with the introduction of the “National Security Maintenance Law”. Hong Kong has been killed, and that is how the international community understands and describes it.
Thatcher, the British Prime Minister at the time, nicknamed the “Iron Lady,” was torn between whether or not Hong Kong should be returned to China. Deng Xiaoping, the most powerful man in the Communist Party, told her, “After the return, Hong Kong people should continue to ride their horses as in the past. Enjoy dancing.
Flying horses” refers to horse racing, and “dancing” refers to having fun in the nightlife. Both are the money-making activities of the corrupt capitalist bourgeoisie,” the Communist Party, which advocates the superiority of socialism, recognized. In short, it was a way of saying that we should live in the capitalist system as before.
Deng Xiaoping’s unique way of talking to the Hong Kong people is actually a reflection of the fact that the Communist government did not understand the Hong Kong people. In fact, the Communist government did not understand the people of Hong Kong.
When I traveled to Hong Kong the year it was returned to China, I saw tourists from the mainland making fun of the locals everywhere. Even after eating at a restaurant, they would hand over their money in an extremely arrogant manner as if they were throwing it away. Still, the Hong Kong people complied without changing their color.
British Prime Minister Thatcher, from right to left, witnesses Deng Xiaoping and British Foreign Minister Howe signing the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which specifies the return of Hong Kong to China, at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on December 19, 1984.
It was the same at the post office. It was the same at the post office, where a customer from Beijing shouted at a local employee, insulting him by saying, “You used to be angry with the British, you must be used to being a servant. As I stood beside him, I thought that he should be welcomed warmly since he was “back in the bosom of his country” after being “ruled by the British”.
My acquaintance in Hong Kong at the time told me about his grief, “I have been adopted by the British for so long that I don’t understand the warmth of the bosom of my country. I left Hong Kong with the realization that I was going to explode sooner or later. I made several more research trips to Hong Kong, but the dislike for China continued to grow.
Hong Kong is not a home for “people who just need to make money. First of all, the people who have direct roots in mainland China but who have not been here very long are anti-Communist to the core.
Those who saw the Communist Party come to power on the mainland in 1949 and foresaw the violence that would eventually sweep the country, as well as groups fleeing the tyranny of the Communist Party, took refuge in Hong Kong. Some were hardcore anti-communist fighters, while others were capitalists.
And the wave of people fleeing to Hong Kong appeared again when the People’s Corporation was established in 1958 and when the Cultural Revolution was launched in 1966. As would come to light later, the introduction of the People’s Corporation system led to the starvation deaths of some 30 million people, and the Cultural Revolution claimed millions more.
Whenever there is a political disaster on the continent that is unprecedented in human history, Hong Kong has accepted the victims of the oppressive regime imposed by the Communist Party. Why should such people love a “dictatorial motherland”?
What kind of people have been living in Hong Kong before the “anti-communists”? Such Hong Kong people are physically darker in complexion, and in terms of language, they speak so-called Cantonese and Chaozhou. Some linguists refer to these languages as dialects of Chinese.
The problem is that these “dialects” are fundamentally different from the huge Chinese language, Mandarin. Some linguists make the analogy that this difference is greater than the distance between Italian, Spanish and French. In short, it is a bit rough to simply see Hong Kong as a dialect of Chinese. From a linguistic point of view, Hong Kong people are not Han Chinese.
Mandarin, the language that has taken root in China today, was invented by the Manchu, the rulers of the Qing Dynasty. It was a common language used by the Manchu people, whose mother tongue was Manchu, to communicate with the subjugated Chinese people. There is no common language that unites Hong Kong people and mainlanders as the same race.
What’s more, it was the Manchu Qing dynasty that leased Hong Kong, where different ethnic groups lived, to the British. The Manchus are not Chinese, and there is no unanimity of opinion, including among the Chinese, as to whether the Qing dynasty is Chinese or not.
The Qing dynasty, founded by the Manchus, was a foreign regime, a conquering dynasty, and could hardly be called a “Chinese dynasty. The Chinese also understood this, which led to the outbreak of the revolution in 1911 to “drive out the Manchus and restore China,” and the birth of the Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China.
A flag with “Hong Kong Independence” written on it posted on Facebook by the Hong Kong Police Department (Kyodo)
Based on the above history, Hong Kong people understand that the British and the Manchus repeatedly made backroom deals, ignoring their own will, and “leased” or “returned” Hong Kong without permission. That is why Hong Kong intellectuals are fostering the concept of “Hong Kong nation” and dreaming of independence as a city-state.
Once murdered, Hong Kong must surely be revived in the form of independence.