Xi Jinping’s Ambition which puts into account, the Collapse of China’s Dictatorship
Uichiro Niwa (President, Japan-China Friendship Association)
Foreign students are a double-edged sword
Xi Jinping is said to have said, “If the number of people who are influenced by Western customs and values increases in the leadership, China’s original beauty will be lost.
Sending a large number of foreign students to the United States and other countries with a high awareness of human rights has always been a “double-edged sword” for China’s leadership.
On November 11, after the U.S. presidential election, at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, the 150th anniversary of Sun Yat-sen’s birth.
President Xi Jinping speaks at a ceremony marking the 150th anniversary of Sun Yat-sen’s birth.
Studying abroad is essential in order to learn about cutting-edge technologies and introduce them to China, but there are not a few cases where students do not return to their home countries after realizing how different Chinese society is. They may have turned a blind eye to some extent for the sake of accumulating technology, but it may be that they have already exceeded the acceptable range.
A state that suppresses the basic human rights of its citizens will surely decline in the long run. History has proven that a dictatorship that imposes a politics of fear will eventually fall. This is not only because they will not be accepted by the world, but also because talented people will leave their home countries. The fact that there are more than a few foreign students who do not want to return to China is a sign of this.
There is no doubt that excellent scientific researchers who have studied abroad will hold the key to raising the level of China’s technological capabilities. If we do not allow them a certain amount of personal freedom, they will not easily return to China.
I am sure that the leadership is well aware of this. In fact, the younger the generation of leaders, the more strongly they feel that the voice of the people must be respected. This means that democratization is an essential issue for China’s future. It is inevitable that China will gradually change in a new direction, triggered by the issue of recruiting foreign students and other human resources.
Suppression of Ethnic Minorities and Human Rights Activities
In China, the anti-government and separatist movements of the Tibetan and Uyghur peoples have continued, and the Chinese authorities have adopted a policy of suppression based on the use of “whip and candy.
In the Tibet Autonomous Region, there have been repeated demonstrations by monks against the oppressive rule, and more than 120 people have died by self-immolation in protest since 2009. The oppression of the Uyghurs has been severe, and the authorities have continued to suppress and suppress the frequent suicide bombings and riots.
In July 2015, the public security authorities detained more than 100 human rights lawyers and human rights activists in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and other cities in China, and also imposed restrictions on the media and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Restrictions on the media and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have also been tightened.
Although China has a formal separation of powers, in reality, the courts have no judicial power and the Political and Legal Affairs Committee of the Communist Party of China effectively hands down decisions. The unwritten rule of “those who deliberate do not judge, and those who judge do not deliberate” has taken root.
According to Amnesty International, in 2015, at least 1,634 death sentences were carried out worldwide, an increase of more than 50 percent over the previous year. Although not included in this figure because information on the death penalty is not publicly available in China, Amnesty notes that “China remains the country with the most executions in the world,” and estimates that thousands were executed in 2015.
The U.S. and other Western countries have accused China at the U.N. Human Rights Council of adopting policies to suppress “freedom of assembly, association, religion, and expression,” pointing to the detention of human rights activists, restrictions on Internet use, and suppression of ethnic minorities under the Xi Jinping regime.
Although China denies each time it is accused of human rights violations such as detention, imprisonment and torture of domestic dissidents and their families and friends, it is certainly wary of the rapid spread of democratic values in the country.
Or in Hong Kong, there was a massive pro-democracy movement in September 2014 in response to the Chinese government’s decision to block free candidacy in the 2017 election for the top administrative position. It was called the “Umbrella Revolution” because the democratic protesters opened their rain umbrellas to counter the tear gas spray of the police.
Western countries criticized the Chinese government for its lack of compromise, but any compromise with the democrats could spark anti-government and separatist movements in mainland China. It is unlikely that the government will reverse its decision until the time comes in the future.
Conventional Democracies Cannot Be a Lesson
As long as China does not democratize or move to a democratic system, including the issue of human rights, we hear more than a few people pointing out that China’s existence will become a threat to the international community.
I have had one-on-one discussions about the current China situation with Wang Qishan, former mayor of Beijing and member of the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau, China’s supreme leadership, apart from our respective positions. When I said that China today should learn from the capitalism and democracy of developed countries, including Japan, Wang Qishan objected, saying, “That’s not quite right,” and said roughly as follows.
Wang Qishan disagreed and said roughly: “The lessons of developed countries in democratic capitalist systems are not directly lessons for China. China has such a huge population, while the capitalist societies of the past had only a few hundred million people at most. The capitalist and democratic system of such a country is completely different from the democratic system of 1.4 billion people. I don’t think it is possible to govern by doing the same thing in terms of the size, depth, and every other aspect of the economy. Can we govern this huge country with a majority rule democracy on everything from employment to environmental issues?
The U.S. and the Eurozone have a population of 300 million, while Japan has 120 million. In contrast, China has a population of 1.4 billion, 92% Han Chinese and 55 ethnic minorities, and a land area more than 25 times larger than Japan’s. The question is, how can freedom and democracy be realized in China? He said that the examples of the U.S. and Japan can be used as a reference, but not as a textbook. I admit that there is a certain persuasiveness in his opinion.
For example, how can the 3,000 members of the National People’s Congress (NPC) deliberate and deliberate as they do in Japan and the US? It is impossible for all of them to discuss and decide by majority vote. Nothing will be decided without autocratic decision-making that skips democratic procedures to some extent.
President Xi Jinping is shown on a large screen at the National People’s Congress Hall in Beijing.
If national unity is not ensured, there will be no development, prosperity, or stability in the country. When you think about it, as far as the state system under the current economic power is concerned, it is hard to imagine any other option than the one-party dictatorship of the Communist Party to govern the huge nation of China.
Of course, the suppression of speech and violation of human rights must be severely criticized. However, having dealt with China for many years, it is my feeling that it is extremely difficult to govern a nation of 1.4 billion people with the same democratic system as in the West.